THE ORIGINS OF PARLIAMENT
|a) Which historians have
particularly specialised in the study of medieval parliaments ? How have
their views developed ? Where do they disagree, and why ?
|b) What are the principal
sources available for the study of the medieval parliaments ? What difficulties
do they raise ?
|c) How was Parliament used
during the reign of Henry III ? How did it differ from other similar assemblies
? What was the role of the Great Council in this period ?
|d) How did Edward I use
his Parliaments ? Which categories of subjects were summoned to attend
them and why ?
|e) Are we justified in
regarding thirteenth century parliaments as being primarily judicial assemblies
|f) What developments took
place in parliamentary procedure during the reign of Edward II ? What was
the significance of Keighley's petition in 1301 ? What was the function
of 'commune petitions' ? To what extent were the parliaments of Edward
I and Edward II used against these kings ?
|g) How successful was Parliament
in gaining control of finance and supply during the reign of Edward III
? What was the role of the Estate of Merchants, and the Staple ? How were
they brought under the control of Parliament ?
|h) What importance did
the 'commons' have in medieval Parliaments ? What kinds of people attended
the Commons ? How were they elected ? At what point is it possible to identify
a genuine House of Commons.
|I) What was the significance
for Parliament of the development of the concept of hereditary peerage
in the later middle ages ?
|j) What is the significance
of political trials in Parliament ? Why did medieval kings develop the
concept of treason, and how did this affect the powers of Parliament k)
What factors encouraged the development of impeachment ?
Using the sources recommended find, read and annotate the following
SEE BIBLIOGRAPHY SECTIONS:
a) Earliest official use of the word Parliament Spufford P. Origins of
b) Summons to the first parliament of Edward I 1274
c) Summons to the Parliament at Shrewsbury 1283 Spufford P. Origins of
d) Petitions in Parliament Wilkinson B. Constitutional History. Vol III
e) Plena Potestas in Parliament Wilkinson B. Constitutional History Vol
f) Bill presented at the Lincoln Parliament 1301
g) The Council in the Parliament of 1305 Wilkinson B. Constitutional History
Vol 111. p.305.
School of History and Welsh History - University of Wales Bangor